The Colosseum area includes the extended area around the Flavian Amphitheatre, one of the greatest works of architecture and engineering ever realized. Proceeding towards North-East you can walk along Via Cavour to Termini Station and the Esquilino district, proceeding to North-West you can find the area of Piazza Venezia up to the Pantheon and Piazza Navona. This area is intensively characterized by the most important monuments and squares of the ancient Rome, from the Colosseum itself up to the Roman Forum on Via dei Fori Imperiali, Piazza Venezia, Via del Corso etc.
The Colosseum, originally named the Flavian Amphitheatre, is the most famous Roman amphitheatre, and is located in the city centre of Rome. Able to hold between 50,000 and 80,000 spectators, is the most imposing monument of ancient Rome that has come down to us. Its construction begun by Vespasian Emperor in 72 AD and was inaugurated by his successor and heir Titus in 80 AD, with additional modifications made during Domitian's reign. No longer in use after the 6th century AD, the huge building was re-used in various ways over the centuries, even as a quarry of materials.
The name "Colosseum", which derives from the nearby statue of the Colossus of Nero (later remodelled by Nero's successors into the likeness of Apollo, the Sun God ) became widespread only in the Middle Ages. Today it is the symbol of the city and one of its major tourist attractions. It was used for gladiatorial shows and other public events (hunting shows, re-enactments of famous battles, and dramas based on Classical mythology). The Colosseum, as the entire historical centre of Rome, has been listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1980. In 2007 the complex was also included among the New Seven Wonders of the World, following a competition organized by New Open World Corporation (NOWC).